Encapsulation and abstraction is the advanced mechanism in C# that lets your program to hide unwanted code within a capsule and shows only essential features of an object. Encapsulation is used to hide its members from outside class or interface, whereas abstraction is used to show only essential features.
In C# programming, Encapsulation uses five types of modifier to encapsulate data. These modifiers are public, private, internal, protected and protected internal. These all includes different types of characteristics and makes different types of boundary of code.
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Below are some examples: